European Commission on airport industry policy

European Commission on airport industry policy

Source: Civil Aviation Resource Net Expert Author: Ni Haiyun 2009-12-14 10:15:58 I have two sentences ( 0 )

[ professional classification ] airport operation [ Article ID ] 37-2009-0219

Sun Shenshan to Sunrise East

- European Commission's policy on airport industry

Compiler's Note: The International Air Transport Association adjusted the loss of the 2009 global airline financial forecast to $9 billion, almost doubling the $4.7 billion loss estimated by the association in March this year. The chairman of the International Air Transport Association once pointed out: "The current economic recession is unprecedented. The foundation of the economy is changing. The aviation industry is experiencing turmoil. This is the most serious challenge facing the industry. The future of the industry depends on partners, governments and The cooperation of the industry.” It can be seen that when the airline industry is facing a crisis, the days of the airport industry will also be in a difficult situation. So how should the airport industry develop in the future? Anstonio Tajani, Vice Chairman of the European Commission, was interviewed by professional journalists in the industry.

The aviation industry is the highest growth rate of all modes of transportation and it will also be a core component of the Tajani policy. In fact, he is very concerned about the aviation industry, because he served in the Italian Air Force and served as a controller.

Tajani described the airport as "a gateway to the sky." The airport's contribution to the development of the aviation industry system and to society has made a significant contribution. “The EU currently has 27 member states with a population of nearly 500 million. The aviation industry is closely linked to people and all walks of life. Its role is increasingly important. The aviation industry is the only fast mode of transportation for long-distance transportation.”

The EU aviation market created in the 1990s has become a classic success story, and the airport is undoubtedly one of the protagonists. The establishment of the EU unified market has also promoted competition among airlines. Since 1993, the number of European routes has increased by 170%, which means that more cities, and more distant areas, have now opened aviation services, linking the entire world.

Competition has also dramatically increased – from 1992 to 2006, the number of at least two competitors on each route increased by 300%. As a result, passengers have more choices and prices have fallen sharply. The airport has more customers than before.

He believes that the hub and feeder airports play a complementary role, and the hub airport is the EU's gateway to the world. “In the past few years, the feeder airport has been a rising star in the European air transport system, and the growth rate is impressive, reflecting the success of the low-cost aviation industry.” Importantly, this achievement has not been achieved in a remote manner. There is no air service at the cost of the area. “Airports in Europe play an important role in helping to ensure the mobility of all personnel, not just at airports located in or near central areas and large cities.”

Airport capacity

Tajani said: For the aviation industry, there are three key priorities: competitiveness, safety / security / sustainable development (3S - the above three words in English all begin with S) and international negotiations. “The problem of limited ground and air capacity that we face is one of the growth challenges; this challenge is fundamentally related to the entire industry – and the competitiveness of Europe.”

In January 2007, the European Commission adopted an “action plan” on airport capacity, efficiency and safety, which placed the issue of airport capacity at a political level. The first result of the action plan was the creation of the “European Airport Capacity Observatory” – the first meeting was held on November 4, 2008.

The action plan includes a series of initiatives to avoid possible airport capacity shortages in the future. The EU Airport Capacity Observatory will submit to the EU the implementation of these initiatives, including infrastructure planning and multimodal transport. “Every stakeholder has responded positively to the establishment of the EU Airport Capacity Observatory. Therefore, I believe that the Observatory will play a leading role in implementing the Action Plan.”

The International Airports Association Europe Chapter and the European Union Eurocontrol (European Navigation Safety Organization) have also recently announced a joint “action plan” – the implementation of joint airport decisions. Tajani welcomes such initiatives, but he insists that any new processes and facilities need to ensure consistency and interoperability. This requirement is to ensure that new technologies can be implemented in a uniform manner across Europe, and the relevant standards will not be The airport is different. “Safety and cost-effectiveness are a matter of survival. Only by complying with the EU framework can we benefit from mature technologies that are interoperable, just like the A-CDM (Airport Collaborative Decision Process) being implemented at the airport. Under development, the most famous is the SESAR (a program that complements the single European sky rule to modernize air traffic management in Europe)."

SESII: Turning legislation into action

In June 2008, the European Commission recommended accelerating the creation of a single European sky. “Our proposal combines air capacity/ground capacity with airport capacity/air traffic capacity to ensure the overall efficiency of the entire air transport network. We need to make the necessary investments in airport capacity; but we also need to achieve results with Reality; economic and environmental constraints, coupled with long lead times for new infrastructure, mean that our top priority should be to optimize existing capacity."

The SESII (Single European Sky Phase II) package is currently being “first-read” by the European Parliament (the rules of procedure for the Western Parliamentary System. The so-called three-reading system means that any bill must be reviewed by the Parliament for the third reading. The name and main points of the motion will be announced at the meeting of the House of Representatives, and then the motion will be sent to the relevant committee for review. The second reading will read the contents of the motion and debate on the basis of the review and revision of the special committee. , no longer debate, no longer modify). "If we want to turn legislation into action, we need to act quickly. I believe we will pass the bill in the first half of 2009, and I will do my best for this goal."

The European Airport and the International Airports Association Europe are working hard to support SESII. But they also express the impact of EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) on the impact of aviation safety, especially on operational costs. Tajani explained that he also understands the concerns of the airport, especially regarding the fear that the EU will adopt a “one-size-fits-all” approach to add another layer of control without considering existing ICAO standards. However, he also assured the members of the International Airport Association's European Chapter that they would not face an increasing bureaucracy and cost; or that the speed of the process slowed down.

“Our approach will certainly not impose a new burden on the airport business, or implement an integrated model. Europe has established EASA, which is responsible for the entire security of Europe, including the airport. The EU has excellent aviation safety matters, among which Also included is the airport. The EU has an excellent aviation safety record, but we need to continue to work hard to ensure and strengthen safety standards. At the same time, we do not want to reinvent the wheel and do nothing! The future regulations will all be based on ICAO standards. ”

From Shenxi Xishan to Sunrise East

There have been many earth-shaking changes in the global economy in 2008. First, the soaring oil prices have prevented some airlines from continuing to operate. Today's economic and financial crisis has brought economic growth to a standstill. It is obvious that the current economic situation has had a negative impact on the growth of air transport. At this stage, the main decline in traffic volume appears on domestic routes rather than routes within Europe. But even though the volume of long-distance traffic remains stable today, the further deepening of the economic crisis will have a negative impact. Tajani believes that 2009 will be a tough year, but in 2010 there will be a dawn of danger. "Now, we are seeing the sun sinking in the mountains, but through our efforts, I believe that the sunrise will be seen at the beginning of 2010."

In 2009, Tajani set three major tasks: building a true European single sky; establishing a high-quality, sustainable air transport industry; negotiating agreements with neighboring countries and key international markets to secure new air rights and Expand fair competition. “I know I can count on the support of all stakeholders.”

(Author: Ross Falconer)

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